These are dilated and twisted veins seen most commonly in lower extremities and they can be diagnosed easily by inspection itself.
1. Valvular incompetency giving way to backflow; hence, increased pressur
2. It may have genetic predisposition
4. Long standing and long sitting in western style
6. Increased intraabdominal pressure
How they look?
One should not get confused between varicose veins and telengiectasia. The varicose veins look blue on inspection while telengiectasia are superficial small dilated veins look red on inspection.
1. Dermatitis or venous eczema
3. Ulceration (Varicose Ulcers)
Incidence were very less in ancient India on account of sitting habits:
It is very interesting to note that in Indian culture, the sitting was specific. It is known as Paalthi and most of the sitting work were performed by sitting in palthi. The use of chair and table was not a part of Indian culture, It is interesting to note that even after multiple pregnancies, the incidence of varicose veins in women were negligible.
Due to the increase in western lifestyle in India, the cases are on increasing pattern in India.
I strongly recommend to use the sitting on ground cross leg or paalthi. Also some yog postures are good to reduce the chances of varicose veins,
Dr Praveen Choudhary, New Delhi